The Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement emerged after nearly a century of little progress for African Americans following the end of slavery. Explore the movement's champions and controversies from the 1950s to today.
Letter from Birmingham Jail
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr., outlines his nonviolence approach to addressing injustice while responding to criticism.
The Many and the Few
J. Patrick Lewis
A speaker describes Rosa Parks’s refusal to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery.
J. Patrick Lewis
Written from the perspective of James Chaney, this poem describes being kidnapped by the KKK during the Freedom Summer.
Barrett Smith discusses the life and contributions of the activist Malcolm X to the Civil Right Movement.
Before Rosa Parks, There Was Claudette Colvin
Margot Adler discusses the influential, but little known, contributions of Claudette Colvin to the Civil Rights Movement.
Women in the Civil Rights Movement
Barrett Smith discusses the role that women played in the Civil Rights Movement.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Nobel Acceptance Speech
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. accepts the Nobel Peace Prize for his contributions to the Civil Rights Movement.
Rosa Parks: Beyond the Bus
Barrett Smith explores Rosa Parks’ accomplishments beyond her role in inspiring the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
PLESSY NEARS ITS END
The New York Times
Sixty years after the Plessy v. Ferguson decision, an author evaluates the state of racial segregation in the United States.
The Youngest of the Little Rock Nine Speaks Out About Holding onto History
One of the Little Rock Nine discusses her experience attending the formerly all-white Little Rock Central High School.
Meet The Fearless Cook Who Secretly Fed — And Funded — The Civil Rights Movement
Maria Godoy discusses Georgia Gilmore, who contributed to the Civil Rights Movement through her cooking.
Langston Hughes' hidden influence on MLK
Jason Miller discusses the influence that poet Langston Hughes had on Martin Luther King Jr.
Standing Up by Sitting In
Ruth Spencer Johnson
Black and white students challenge the unfair treatment of black people by sitting at a lunch counter for whites in this drama that is set in the 1960s.