We've identified these texts as great options for text pairings based on similar themes, literary devices, topic, or writing style. Supplement your lesson with one or more of these options and challenge students to compare and contrast the texts. To assign a paired text, click on the text to go to its page and click the "Assign Text" button there.
The Lion and the Mouse
- 620-560 BCE
In this classic fable by Aesop, the ancient Greek storyteller, a tiny mouse proves to a powerful lion that she is greater than she seems.Pair “Athena and Poseidon’s Contest for Athens” with “The Lion and the Mouse,” and ask students if there is a difference between a fable and a myth. If so, how are the genres different?
The Story of Prometheus and Pandora's Box
- James Baldwin
A retelling of the classic tales of Prometheus and Pandora’s Box, which explores the themes of power and tyranny, disobedience, the cost of progress, and the human condition.Pair “Athena and Poseidon’s Contest for Athens” with “The Story of Prometheus” and ask students to analyze the gods and heroes in this story—how do the ancient Greeks think about their world and its unexplainable forces, the gods? Or, discuss the function of gifts in both stories. In “Athena and Poseidon’s Contest for Athens” gifts are given to win a contest and valued for their usefulness. In “Prometheus” and “Pandora’s Box” gifts might have unintended consequences. Why do students think gifts come up in multiple Greek myths?
Jupiter and His Mighty Company End the Golden Age
- James Baldwin
In "Jupiter and His Mighty Company End the Golden Age," Baldwin retells the classic myth of the Titans, focusing on the battle between Jupiter and Saturn that brings about the end of the Golden Age.Pair “Athena and Poseidon’s Contest for Athens” with "Jupiter and His Mighty Company End the Golden Age”and ask students to discuss how these myths explore the ways in which power and violence can lead to change, not always for the better. Ask students to draw on history and their own experiences as they consider how the use of force has negatively impacted today’s world.
Design Par Excellence
- Lena Lambrinou
In the informational text, “Design Par Excellence,” Lena Lambrinou discusses temples built in ancient Greece to honor the gods.Pair “Athena and Poseidon’s Contest for Athens” with “Design Par Excellence” to provide students with a story about Athena. Ask students to discuss why Athena was so important to Athens. What did she do for Athenians? How do both texts help readers understand why the ancient Greeks would build a temple to honor Athena? Can students think of other gods likely honored by the ancient Greeks with a temple?