by Christopher Columbus
We've identified these texts as great options for text pairings based on similar themes, literary devices, topic, or writing style. Supplement your lesson with one or more of these options and challenge students to compare and contrast the texts. To assign a paired text, click on the text to go to its page and click the "Assign Text" button there.
The White Man's Burden
- Rudyard Kipling
Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) was a British writer who is best known for The Jungle Book. In 1899, he wrote “The White Man’s Burden,” a poem about America’s imperative to colonize and rule the Philippine Islands. This poem sparked considerably controversy when it was written.Pair “The White Man’s Burden” with “Letter to the Treasurer of Spain” and ask students to compare the two perspectives. How does each writer depict the lives of the native people they wish to help or conquer?
Andrew Jackson's Speech to Congress on 'Indian Removal'
- President Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) was the seventh president of the United States. In this speech he discusses the “Indian Removal Act,” which relocated native tribes to what is now Oklahoma—but not without great loss of life by those forcibly removed, on what is now known as “The Trail of Tears.”Pair “Andrew Jackson’s Speech to Congress on ‘Indian Removal’” with “Letter to the Treasurer of Spain” to show students how Columbus’ attitude toward and attempts to control the natives of Cuba and Hispaniola reflect the actions taken many centuries later by American leaders like Jackson. How do the language and tone in the two texts compare?
- Joaquin Miller
A rousing poem celebrating Columbus’s perseverance even when success was far from certain.Although "Letter to the Treasurer of Spain" is more difficult than "Columbus," it could be a great way to challenge your more advanced students to compare a tribute to Columbus to the explorer’s own writing. How does Miller’s portrayal relate to Columbus’ own account of his experiences?
French and Indian War
In “French and Indian War,” this informational text recounts the history of the French and Indian War and how it played out between its three combatants: France, Great Britain, and the native people of North America.Pair “Letter to the Treasurer of Spain” with “French and Indian War” and ask students to discuss how European explorers and settlers viewed the New World. How did this mindset contribute to the cultivation of New World settlement? How did this mindset eventually lead to conflict between European powers? How did they view the native population?
The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii
- National Archives
In “The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii,” the events that led up to the United States’ annexation of the Hawaiian Islands is discussed, as well as native Hawaiians’ attempts to maintain their independence.Pair “Letter to the Treasurer of Spain” with “The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii” and ask student to discuss America’s history of taking control of land that was not originally theirs. How did Christopher Columbus’s colonization of the Americas compare to the United States’ annexation of the Hawaiian Islands? In what ways did the indigenous people of these two events suffer?
Clash of Cultures: Indigenous America and the Conquistadores
In “Clash of Cultures: Indigenous America and the Conquistadores,” this informational text recounts the fateful meeting between the Aztecs and the Spanish conquistadores that led to the fall of the former’s civilization.Pair “Letter to the Treasurer of Spain” with “Clash of Cultures: Indigenous America and the Conquistadores” and ask people to compare these first contacts between European and indigenous American cultures. How did the European explorers and colonizers view the native populous and their land? What consequences did this encounter produce?