by National Archives
We've identified these texts as great options for text pairings based on similar themes, literary devices, topic, or writing style. Supplement your lesson with one or more of these options and challenge students to compare and contrast the texts. To assign a paired text, click on the text to go to its page and click the "Assign Text" button there.
Andrew Jackson's Speech to Congress on 'Indian Removal'
- President Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) was the seventh president of the United States. In this speech he discusses the “Indian Removal Act,” which relocated native tribes to what is now Oklahoma—but not without great loss of life by those forcibly removed, on what is now known as “The Trail of Tears.”Pair “Andrew Jackson’s Speech to Congress on ‘Indian Removal’” with “The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii” and ask student to compare the motives that drove the United States’ to claim land that wasn’t initially theirs. What was the purpose of obtaining Native American land and how did it compare to the annexation of the Hawaiian Islands? What did the United States have to gain and what did it lose?
Letter to the Treasurer of Spain
- Christopher Columbus
Upon arriving to the island "Juana"--present-day Cuba--Italian explorer Christopher Columbus wrote this letter to the benefactor of his voyage about the rich landscape and curious people he encountered in this promising new territory.Pair “Letter to the Treasurer of Spain” with “The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii” and ask student to discuss America’s history of taking control of land that was not originally theirs. How did Christopher Columbus’s colonization of the Americas compare to the United States’ annexation of the Hawaiian Islands? In what ways did the indigenous people of these two events suffer?
From Resistance to Reservations
This informational text details the final conflicts of the 300-year American Indian Wars and their devastating effects for Native Americans.Pair “From Resistance to Reservations” with “The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii” and ask students to compare and contrast the ways that Native Americans were treated with the ways that native Hawaiians were treated. What could have accounted for these differences?