por The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
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First They Came…
- Martin Niemöller
In this quotation, Martin Niemöller, a German anti-Nazi activist and Lutheran pastor, reflects on the consequences of staying silent and not protesting arrests made during World War II.Pair “Courage in Denmark: Resistance to the Nazis in WWII” with “First They Came…” and ask students to discuss how the quotation relates to Denmark’s protection of its Jewish citizens. Why do you think more nations, institutions, and individuals did not defend the rights of Jewish people during the Holocaust? Whose responsibility is it to defend those who are persecuted for their religious beliefs, their ethnicity, or other aspects of their identity? Does that responsibility belong with individuals, governments, or both?
Danish Resistance During the Holocaust
- Hans Holmskov Schlüter
During the Holocaust, some people in German-controlled Denmark fought against the violent actions and policies put in place by the Nazi party.Pair “Courage in Denmark: Resistance to the Nazis in WWII” with “Danish Resistance during the Holocaust” and ask students to think about how the details provided in the latter piece expound upon the overview provided by the former. Why do you think the Danish government stepped forward in defense of its Jewish citizens while other nations did not do the same for their own citizens? What role do you think politics played in these historical developments? The former article identifies Georg Ferdinand Duckwitz (Paragraph 3) as an individual who played a role in allowing Denmark to save would-be victims of the Holocaust. Do you think individual people are generally able to make a difference on an historically large scale?
Who Was Anne Frank?
- The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
This informational text explores the events of World War II as experienced by Anne Frank, a young Jewish girl whose life was permanently changed by the war.Pair "Who Was Anne Frank?" with "Courage in Denmark: Resistance to the Nazis in WWII" and allow students to analyze how acts of resistance increased the likelihood of survival during the Holocaust.
The Sit-In Movement
This informational text discusses the different forms of peaceful protests that civil rights activists employed during their struggle for equality.Pair “Courage in Denmark: Resistance to Nazis in WWII” with “The Sit-In Movement” and ask students to compare how the individuals from the two texts resisted the unfair treatment of themselves and others through nonviolent means. Ask students if they consider Denmark’s resistance as a form of protest. Why or why not?