por George W. Harkins
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Andrew Jackson's Speech to Congress on 'Indian Removal'
- President Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) was the seventh president of the United States. In this speech he discusses the “Indian Removal Act,” which relocated native tribes to what is now Oklahoma—but not without great loss of life by those forcibly removed, on what is now known as “The Trail of Tears.”Pair “Andrew Jackson’s Speech to Congress on ‘Indian Removal’” with “George W. Harkins to the American People” and ask students to compare the rhetoric used in both speeches. How does Jackson present what Harkins characterizes as the lesser of two evils? Whose rhetoric is more effective? Why? How does Jackson’s speech help students better understand the mindset of the American people regarding their compliance with the Indian removals?
What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?
- Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass (1818-1895) was an African American social reformer, orator, writer, former slave, and leading abolitionist. In this speech delivered to a crowd of abolitionists in New York, Douglass reminds his audience of the inherent hypocrisy of an "Independence Day" for people enslaved.Pair “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?” with “George W. Harkins to the American People” and ask students to compare the plight of African Americans and Native Americans in the 1800s. How do the authors portray or view the United States? How does the tone in both speeches compare? What role does prejudice play in each text?
‘Why Sit Here and Die’ Speech
- Maria W. Stewart
In Maria W. Stewart’s “’Why Sit Here and Die’ Speech,” she addresses the New England Anti-Slavery Society, discussing the experiences and rights of African Americans.Pair “Why Sit Here and Die?” with “George W. Harkins to the American People” and ask students to compare the authors’ points of view. How do Harkins and Stewart view oppression? What choice do they have, if at all, to resist it? What role does education play in both texts?