por Rudyard Kipling
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The White Man's Burden
- Rudyard Kipling
Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) was a British writer who is best known for The Jungle Book. In 1899, he wrote “The White Man’s Burden,” a poem about America’s imperative to colonize and rule the Philippine Islands. This poem sparked considerably controversy when it was written.Use this text pairing as a way to further explore the Victorian period and/or the works of author Rudyard Kipling.
Our Deportment, or the Manners, Conduct, and Dress of Refined Society
- John H. Young
In “Our Deportment, or the Manners, Conduct, and Dress of Refined Society,” John H. Young explains the rules of etiquette during the early 19th century. In this excerpt, Young explains the proper etiquette for wives and husbands.Use this text pairing as a way to further explore the social rules of the Victorian period.
- Robert Louis Stevenson
Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894) was a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist, and travel writer. In this poem, the narrator speaks of his wish to travel the world, one day, when he is “a man.”Pair “If” with “Travel” and ask students to discuss the messages of each piece. What does it mean to be “a man” in each text?
- Anton Chekhov
“Home” by Anton Chekhov is a comedy about a child-parent relationship. The act of disciplining his son provokes deep philosophical thoughts and attitudes in Yevgeny Petrovitch Bykovsky.Pair “Home” with “If” to show students how child-parent relationships can influence the person we become.
The Myth of Daedalus and Icarus
- 8 A.D.
Ovid (43 BCE – 17/18 CE), or Publius Ovidius Naso, was a Roman poet best known for the Metamorphoses, which now remains an important source of classical mythology. In this classic myth, Daedalus attempts to escape imprisonment on the island of Crete by crafting a pair of wax wings for himself and his son, Icarus.Pair “If” with “The Myth of Daedalus and Icarus” and ask students to discuss the messages of each piece. What behaviors does the father expect of his son?
- Lewis Carroll
“Jabberwocky” is a nonsense poem by Lewis Carroll that chronicles an encounter between a heroic boy and a monster called the Jabberwock.Pair “The Jabberwocky” with “If” by Rudyard Kipling and ask students to discuss what each father expects of his son. What does it mean to be courageous in each text? How can parent-child relationships influence a person?