Ancient Civilizations Around the World
Learn about ancient and medieval civilizations from South America, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East in this text set.
The Code of Hammurabi
An excerpt from the well-preserved document from ancient Babylonia consisting of 282 laws and corresponding punishments depending on social status
The Aztecs sacrificed people for a variety of reasons and through various methods.
Clash of Cultures: Indigenous America and the Conquistadores
This informational text recounts the fateful meeting between the Aztecs and the Spanish conquistadors that led to the fall of the former’s civilization.
Salt Worth its Weight in Gold
The Kingdom of Ghana was a wealthy medieval African civilization that traded gold for salt.
The Inca: Engineering an Empire
The Inca Empire was highly successful in the 16th century and the largest empire in pre-Columbia America.
Indus Valley Mysteries
This informational text explores the advanced and peaceful ancient civilizations found in the Indus River Valley.
West African Society at the Point of European Contact
A summary of West African culture before the beginning of the transatlantic slave trade.
Why Did the Mayan Civilization Collapse?
New evidence shows that environmental factors may have contributed to the collapse of the Maya civilization.
The Fertile Crescent
Joshua J. Mark
This text provides a summary of the ancient history and culture in the Fertile Crescent.
The Price of Greed: Hannibal's Betrayal by Carthage
Joshua J. Mark
Hannibal, a Carthaginian commander and military genius, could have led his people to victory in the Second Punic War if he received the resources and supplies that he needed.