Native American History
Before European settlers came to North America, millions of native people lived in many unique societies. Explore the history of Native Americans up to the present day.
Excerpt from Trail of Tears Diary
Jobe Alexander & Mary Hill
Interviews with decendents of Native Americans who were on the Trail of Tears
Andrew Jackson's Speech to Congress on 'Indian Removal'
President Andrew Jackson
The president announces the "benevolent" initiative to remove Native Americans from their homelands.
Stepping back in time, this informational text invites the reader to imagine life with the northeast natives of pre-colonial America.
Chief Powhatan’s Address to Captain John Smith
Chief Powhatan addresses Captain John Smith about the violent relationship between English settlers and the Powhatan people.
'Those Kids Never Got to Go Home'
Jeff Gammage, from Philly.com
The Rosebud Sioux work to reclaim burial rites of their ancestors from the former Carlisle Indian School.
French and Indian War
The French and Indian War (1754-1763) was a decisive conflict for the futures of the British and French empires, and it would prove to be an even greater force in shaping the destinies of North America and its native inhabitants.
From Resistance to Reservations
This informational text details the final conflicts of the 300 years of warfare between native peoples and Anglo-Americans, and the devastating effects that these conflicts have had on Native Americans.
The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii
This informational text discusses the United States’ annexation of the Hawaiian Islands and those who resisted it.
The Wounded Knee Massacre
This informational text discusses the events leading up to, during, and after the violent encounter between the Sioux and the U.S. Army at the Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
Red Cloud's Speech after Wounded Knee
Chief Red Cloud
Oglala Lakota leader Red Cloud’s remarks following the Wounded Knee Massacre recall the years of false promises made and mistreatment shown to the American Indian people by the U.S. federal government.
Excerpts from Thomas Jefferson’s Writings on American Indians
These excerpts from Thomas Jefferson’s writings reveal his complicated views of American Indians and their future in America.
Agreement Between the U.S. and the Spokane Indians
Digital Public Library of America
This document outlines the agreement between the U.S. government and the Spokane Indians to relocate them to a reservation in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho.
The Plymouth Thanksgiving Story
A Native American author adds key information to the commonly told story of the first Thanksgiving.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, American settlers believed it was their destiny to conquer new regions of the continent—whatever the cost.
Behind The Native American Achievement Gap
Celeste Headlee interviews Anton Treuer on the education of Native Americans.
How Native Students Can Succeed In College: 'Be As Tough As The Land That Made You'
This informational text discusses the obstacles Native American teenagers face when applying for college and how a program called College Horizons helps.
American Indian School a Far Cry from the Past
This informational text discusses the off-reservation boarding school for Native Americans, Sherman Indian High School, and how it compares to boarding schools of the past.
UN Explores Native American Rights In U.S.
Michel Martin interviews S. James Anaya about his report on the rights and quality of life of indigenous people in the United States.