por President Abraham Lincoln
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Fugitive Slave Act of 1793The United States Congress
The Fugitive Slave Act was enacted by the United States Congress in 1793, and then later renewed in 1850. This act guaranteed slave owners the right to recover run-away slaves. When the Thirteenth Amendment was passed, abolishing slavery, the Fugitive Slave Act lost its power.Pair “The Emancipation Proclamation” with the “Fugitive Slave Act of 1793” and ask students to compare these historical documents, both of which address the status of slaves.
We Shall Overcome SpeechPresident Lyndon B. Johnson
This rousing speech by President Lyndon B. Johnson was delivered right after civil rights protesters were brutally beaten on "Bloody Sunday." This speech is considered one of the best presidential speeches in history, and eventually led to The Voting Rights Act of 1965.Pair “The Emancipation Proclamation” with “We Shall Overcome Speech” and ask students to discuss these historical milestones for the human rights of African Americans. Ask them to discuss the following question: Why did it take one hundred years for the unobstructed right to vote for African Americans?
Speech on SlaveryAbraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln was well known for his opposition to slavery, believing that it went against the core principles of the nation's Founding Fathers. In this text, Lincoln contrasts slavery with its better counterpart, free labor, and aligns it with the necessity of equality in society.Have students read the text of the document that made abolishing slavery an explicit goal of the Civil War, and ask them to draw parallels between Lincoln’s ideologies in his speech on slavery and on the actual law put into place with the Emancipation Proclamation. How did the ideas in this speech inform Lincoln’s eventual policies?
The Gettysburg AddressPresident Abraham Lincoln
"The Gettysburg Address" emphasizes the importance of continuing to fight for the American principles of liberty and equality.Pair “The Gettysburg Address” with “The Emancipation Proclamation,” also issued by Abraham Lincoln, and ask students to think about how the latter document builds upon and advances the principles emphasized in The Gettysburg Address. How do the texts compare to one another in terms of language and form?
The Election of 1860USHistory.org
This information text describes the lead-up to and outcomes of the 1860 presidential election of Abraham Lincoln, which sparked the Civil War.Pair "The Election of 1860" and "The Emancipation Proclamation" and ask students to discuss how Lincoln's view of slavery on the national stage transformed in such a short time. Why might Lincoln suddenly alter America's long-standing position on slavery as an institution that ought to slowly diminish to one of outright abolishment?
A Nation Divided: North vs. SouthUSHistory.org
"A Nation Divided: North vs. South" discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the Union and the Confederacy during the American Civil War.Pair “The Emancipation Proclamation” with “A Nation Divided: North vs. South” to provide students with additional context regarding the Civil War. Ask students to consider why the South was more opposed to abolishing slavery than the North.
Black Soldiers in the Civil WarThe National Archives
In the information text "Black Soldiers in the Civil War," African American struggle for the right to fight as soldiers in the Civil War for their freedom.Pair “The Emancipation Proclamation” with “Black Soldiers in the Civil War” and ask students to discuss President Lincoln’s decision to abolish slavery. Why did Lincoln wait until 1863 to abolish slavery?
President Lincoln's Second Inaugural AddressPresident Abraham Lincoln
In "President Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address," President Lincoln discusses the causes of the American Civil War and what will be required to repair the nation.Pair “The Emancipation Proclamation” with “President Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address” to allow students to compare two moments in history during the Civil War. How did the abolishment of slavery effect the events of the Civil War?
O Captain! My Captain!Walt Whitman
A sailor grieves the loss of his captain in this poem that symbolizes the American experience of making it through the Civil War.Pair “The Emancipation Proclamation” with “O Captain! My Captain!” and ask students to discuss how they think the Proclamation impacted the public’s view of Lincoln. What types of people would read the Emancipation Proclamation and view Lincoln in a similar way that the sailor from Whitman’s poem views his captain?
Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation ProclamationMike Kubic
In "Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation," Mike Kubic discusses what motivated President Lincoln's to pass the Emancipation Proclamation and the change that it brought about.Pair “The Emancipation Proclamation” with “Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation” and ask students to discuss the final product of President Lincoln’s hard work. How does the final product compare to the description of the Emancipation Proclamation in “Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation”?
Growing Up with JuneteenthAnnette Gordon-Reed
In "Growing Up with Juneteenth," the author describes what it was like growing up in Texas and celebrating a holiday that recognizes the end of slavery.Pair “The Emancipation Proclamation” with “Growing Up with Juneteenth” and ask students to discuss the ideas about equality shared in each text. What were some ideas shared in “The Emancipation Proclamation” that might provoke “the older people” to create “jokes” about it, as expressed in “Growing Up Juneteenth”?