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The ReefSamuel Scoville, Jr.
In this short story by American writer Samuel Scoville, Jr., a young Caribbean boy accompanied by his grandfather goes sponge diving in the reef where a tiger shark killed his father—and where he faces dangers of his own.Pair “The Myth of Daedalus and Icarus” with “The Reef” and ask students to compare the texts. Do they share any similarities, such as archetypes or themes/messages? What is the relationship between the older man and younger boy—does the younger listen to his elder and what are the results?
Echo and NarcissusOvid, translated by Brookes More
Ovid writes of a sadder version of love in his tale "Echo and Narcissus" which describes two cases of unrequited love. Echo, a mountain nymph , falls in love with a beautiful young man, but he has eyes only for himself. For both characters, Ovid shows how love can persist, even in unrealistic circumstances.Pair “The Myth of Echo and Narcissus” with “The Myth of Daedalus and Icarus” and ask students to compare the myths. What were these myths used to teach ancient peoples and what can we learn from them today?
In this excerpt from Poetics, Aristotle offers a definition of tragedy, as well as several examples and non-examples of the genre.Pair “From Poetics: Aristotle on Tragedy” with “The Myth of Daedalus and Icarus” for students to develop a better understanding of tragedy, especially as classical thinking conceived of it.
Orpheus and EurydiceOvid, translated by Brookes More
In the classic myth "Orpheus and Eurydice," Ovid tells the story of Orpheus's journey to the underworld to bring Eurydice back to earth after her premature death.Pair “Orpheus and Eurydice” with “The Myth of Daedalus and Icarus” and ask students to discuss the similar themes in each text. What causes the tragic loss of life in these two texts? Is one more tragic than the other? Why or why not? Students should use evidence from each text to support their answers.