por Frederick Douglass
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Fugitive Slave Act of 1793
- The United States Congress
The Fugitive Slave Act was enacted by the United States Congress in 1793, and then later renewed in 1850. This act guaranteed slave owners the right to recover run-away slaves. When the Thirteenth Amendment was passed, abolishing slavery, the Fugitive Slave Act lost its power.Pair the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 with "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: Excerpts from Chapters 1 and 7" to open discussion about the long-term effects of slavery. How did slavery threaten American democracy?
The White Man's Burden
- Rudyard Kipling
Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) was a British writer who is best known for The Jungle Book. In 1899, he wrote “The White Man’s Burden,” a poem about America’s imperative to colonize and rule the Philippine Islands. This poem sparked considerably controversy when it was written.Pair “The White Man’s Burden” with "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: Excerpts from Chapters 1 and 7" to spark a discussion about the mindsets that led Western nations to justify slavery.
What Slaves Are Taught To Think of The North
- Harriet Ann Jacobs
Harriet Ann Jacobs (1813-1897), who wrote under the pseudonym Linda Brendt, was an American slave who eventually escaped and became an abolitionist. “What Slaves are Taught to Think of the North” is a chapter from Brent’s memoir Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, published in 1861. In it, Jacobs provides a true account of her experience as a slave, and writes about the lies slaveholders told their slaves to keep them from running away to the North.Pair "What Slaves are Taught to Think of the North" with "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: Excerpts from Chapters 1 and 7" to expose students to the different ways that slaves were manipulated in order to maintain their oppression.
Learning to Read
- Frances Ellen Watkins Harper
Francis Ellen Watkins Harper (1825-1911) was the child of free African American parents. In her adult life, Harper helped slaves escape through the Underground Railroad and wrote for abolitionist newspapers. In this poem, Harper describes what it was like to have been discouraged from learning how to read.Pair "Learning to Read" with "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: Excerpts from Chapters 1 and 7" to provide two perspectives on the history of educational oppression among African Americans in the 19th century.