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Ancient Greece: The Birthplace of Western Individualism
“Ancient Greece: The Birthplace of Western Individualism” contemplates the relationship between the ancient Greeks’ human-oriented polytheism and their cultural endorsement of individualism.Pair “The Rise of Greek City-States: Athens Versus Sparta” with “Ancient Greece: The Birthplace of Western Individualism” and ask students to discuss what united and divided different Greek city-states.
Women in Ancient Rome
- BirdBrain History
“Women in Ancient Rome” is an informational text that describes daily life in ancient Rome for both wealthy and poor women.Pair “The Rise of Greek City-States: Athens Versus Sparta” with “Women in Ancient Rome” and ask students to compare the lives of women in ancient Greece to ancient Rome.
- Mark Cartwright
This text explains how Athens created and organized one of the world’s first recorded democracies. Athenian democracy, especially given its systems of checks and balances and citizen participation, has been highly influential to many modern democracies.Pair “Athenian Democracy” with “The Rise of Greek City-States: Athens Versus Sparta” and ask students to discuss the costs and benefits of democracy compared to forms of government for other city-states, such as Sparta.
The Persian Wars
- Mark Cartwright
In “The Persian Wars,” this informational text recounts the series of conflicts between ancient Greece and Persia in the 5th century known as the Greco-Persian Wars: a battle for land and power that would shape both lands for years to come.Pair “The Rise of Greek City-States: Athens Versus Sparta” with “The Persian Wars” and ask students to discuss the growth of Greek city-states and their power. How did these collective cities manage to fight off the Persian army? Does this text make this seem more or less likely? What does the former text reveal about the Greeks’ fighting tactics and strategies?
Ancient Egyptian Dynasties
This text details how the pharaohs of ancient Egypt overcame numerous obstacles to unify Egypt into one empire.Pair “Ancient Egyptian Dynasties” with “The Rise of Greek City-States: Athens Versus Sparta,” and ask students to discuss the differences and similarities in the formation of Egypt, Athens, and Greece.
- Mark Cartwright
This text describes the main forms of government in ancient Greek city-states: democracy, oligarchy, monarchy, and tyranny. It also details how public officials play a role in government.Pair “Greek Government” with “The Rise of City-States: Athens Versus Sparta” and ask students to discuss why certain city-states might benefit from or practice different forms of government. Why did the government differ in Athens and Sparta?
The Golden Age of Athens
- Collomia Charles
In the informational text “The Golden Age of Athens,” Collomia Charles describes Athens’ democratic society during the Golden Age.Pair “The Rise of Greek City-States: Athens Versus Sparta” with “The Golden Age of Athens” to provide students with additional information about Greek city-states. Ask students to discuss how Athens differed from Sparta. How do students think Athens’ and Sparta’s governments differed? How did these differences lead to conflict between them?