by Digital Public Library of America
We've identified these texts as great options for text pairings based on similar themes, literary devices, topic, or writing style. Supplement your lesson with one or more of these options and challenge students to compare and contrast the texts. To assign a paired text, click on the text to go to its page and click the "Assign Text" button there.
Excerpt from Trail of Tears Diary
- Jobe Alexander & Mary Hill
The Trail of Tears is the name given to the forced relocation of Native American nations following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The removal included many members of tribes who did not wish to assimilate. Many Native Americans suffered from disease and exposure, and somewhere between 2,000-6,000 Cherokee died on the trail. The Trail of Tears Diary includes interviews that reveals the extraordinary resilience of the Native American nations during the trail.Pair the excerpt from “Trail of Tears” with “Agreement Between the U.S. and the Spokane Indians” to further explore the displacement of Native Americans by the U.S. Compare the depiction of the dislocation of Native American in “Trail of Tears” with “Agreement Between the U.S. and the Spokane Indians”, what are the similarities and differences between the two texts?
Confirming the Termination of Japanese Internment
- President Gerald R. Ford
Gerald Ford's presidency began in 1974 – nearly 30 years after the end of WWII. In this speech, Ford discusses Japanese Internment, or the relocation and incarceration of Japanese Americans, during WWII. As Ford states in the speech, "We now know what we should have known then--not only was that evacuation wrong, but Japanese-Americans were and are loyal Americans."Pair “Confirming the Termination of Japanese Internment” with “Agreement Between the U.S. and the Spokane Indians” and ask students to discuss the United States’ history with relocating groups of people. How did the United States justify their decision to force countless people out of their homes?
Red Cloud's Speech after Wounded Knee
- Chief Red Cloud
In "Red Cloud's Speech after Wounded Knee," Oglala Lakota leader Red Cloud speaks about the mistreatment of Native Americans by the federal U.S. government, the false promises made to them, and the terrible conditions of reservation life.Pair "Red Cloud's Speech after Wounded Knee" with "Agreement Between the U.S. and the Spokane Indians" and ask students to discuss the difference between the reservation life promised through treaties and the reality of life on reservations according to Red Cloud.
- Mike Kubic
In "Manifest Destiny," Mike Kubic discusses how in the 19th and early 20th centuries American settlers believed it was their destiny to conquer new regions of the continent—whatever the cost.Pair “Agreement Between U.S. And the Spokane Indians” with “Manifest Destiny” and ask students to address the ways in which the United States spoke about their political dealings with Native tribes during this time. What does the language indicate about the way Native Americans were viewed in this emergent country? Do you believe the Native Americans received a fair concession?