Paired Texts: The Wounded Knee Massacre
by Digital History
We've identified these texts as great options for text pairings based on similar themes, literary devices, topic, or writing style. Supplement your lesson with one or more of these options and challenge students to compare and contrast the texts. To assign a paired text, click on the text to go to its page and click the "Assign Text" button there.
The White Man's Burden
- Rudyard Kipling
Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) was a British writer who is best known for The Jungle Book. In 1899, he wrote “The White Man’s Burden,” a poem about America’s imperative to colonize and rule the Philippine Islands. This poem sparked considerably controversy when it was written.Pair “The White Man’s Burden” with “The Wounded Knee Massacre” to provide students with an additional example of the United States’ experiences with colonization and assimilation. How are the views of “the White Man” reflected in the United States’ relationship with Native Americans?
'Those Kids Never Got to Go Home'
- Jeff Gammage, from Philly.com
- March 13, 2016
In “Those Kids Never Got to Go Home,” the article discusses recent pleas from the Rosebud Sioux nation to reclaim the remains of former students of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School.Pair “Those Kids Never Got to Go Home” with “The Wounded Knee Massacre” and ask students to compare how colonization and assimilation effected the Sioux. How did the United States’ relationship with Native Americans change between the time of these two events? Why is it important to continue to discuss these moments in history?
From Resistance to Reservations
This informational text details the final conflicts of the 300-year American Indian Wars and their devastating effects for Native Americans.Pair “From Resistance to Reservation” with “The Massacre of Wounded Knee” and ask students to discuss why they believe the American Indian Wars ended with the Massacre of Wounded Knee, and how actions throughout the late 1800s motivated the massacre.
Red Cloud's Speech after Wounded Knee
- Chief Red Cloud
In “Red Cloud’s Speech after Wounded Knee,” Oglala Lakota leader Red Cloud speaks about the mistreatment of Native Americans by the federal U.S. government, the false promises made to them, and the terrible conditions of reservation life.Pair “The Wounded Knee Massacre” with “Red Cloud’s Speech after Wounded Knee” and ask students to discuss the events of Wounded Knee. How does each text provide unique accounts of this tragedy? What can be learned from this event?